Differential diagnosis for halitosis

(bad breath)



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 Dental problems:

Presence of abscesses in the oral cavity, or at the level of the roots.

Overgrowth of a certain type of anaerobic Gram negative bacteria

Acquired Dental Disease (ADD) and dental decay

Periodontal disease (disease of the tissues around a tooth)

Oral cancer

Pharyngitis (inflammation of the pharynx)


Presence of a foreign body




Less frequent


 Infectious diseases:

Bacterial infections

Fungal infections

Viral infections

Eosinophilic granuloma complex


  Respiratory tract diseases:

Sinus anatomical deformations

Sinus diseases

Lung disease

Neoplasia (presence of tumors, polyps)


Gastrointestinal diseases:


Liver disease

Neoplasia (presence of tumors, polyps)

Gallbladder dysfunction



 Metabolic diseases:

Uremia or the presence of excessive amounts of urea and other nitrogenous waste products in the blood, as occurs in renal failure

Diabetes, rare to absent in rabbits


  Skin problems:

Pyoderma (skin disease characterized by the presence of pus)




Disorders of the peripheral nervous system


 Urogenital tract:

Advanced renal failure

Kidney disease



Blood and immune diseases

Blood disorders

Eosinophilic granuloma complex

Autoimmune diseases



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