Head tilt

 

Differential diagnosis

 

 

 

Micka, a female rabbit suffering from head-tilt, before (left)

and after (right) treatment with fenbendazole and enrofloxacin.

 

 

MediRabbit.com is funded solely by the generosity of donors.

Every donation, no matter what the size, is appreciated and will aid in the continuing research of medical care and health of rabbits.

Thank you  

 

One sided head tilt (torticollis, wry neck)

 

Bacterial causes

Pasteurellosis, leading to otitis media and interna (middle and inner ear infection).

Listeriosis, leading to otitis interna or media (middle and inner ear infection).

  

Fungal causes

Fungemia, e.g. Aspergillosis or Candida albicans meningitis.

  

Parasitic infestation

Cerebral parasitic worms, e.g. Nematodiasis or Baylisascaris procyonis. Accompanying signs are ataxia (loss of control of movement), circling and tremors.

E. cuniculi, although it is not known if this CNS parasite is directly responsible for head-tilt or is a side effect of some other health issue.

  

Mechanical

Torticollis secondary to trauma.

  

Toxicity

Insecticide

Fertilizer

Lead

 

 Deficiencies

Vitamins

Selenium

 

 Central nervous system (CNS)

Bacterial infection, leading to otitis media or interna (middle and inner ear).

Cerebrovascular accident, with rabbit moving in circles if at all. Eating and drinking habits are usually normal. It is the second cause of head-tilt after otitis interna in rabbits.

Trauma of the face of head, with brain damage.

Vestibular dysfunction

Cerebellar disease, with head tilt to the side of the lesion.

Lesions of the superior medullary velum, with palsy (paralysis) of the nerve.

Neoplasia (development of a tumor) or abscess in the neck, ear or brain.

 

 

Bilateral head tilt (torticollis, wry neck)

 

Viral causes

Herpes sp. viral infection is a suspected cause for bilateral head tilt in one rabbit.

 

 

  

e-mail: info@medirabbit.com